Fungus

Fungi Species List

Photo by Peter Kelly.

(Format adapted from Mycological Society of Toronto Forays Field Checklist of Mushrooms).  This list is a combination of mushroom foray species lists from 2008-2011.

NON-GILL FUNGI

Boletes

  • Gyrodon merulioides (Boletinellus m.) – Ash Tree bolete
  • Leccinum scabrum – Rough-stemmed bolete, scaber bolete
  • Suillus americanus – Chicken Fat Mushroom
  • Suillus brevipes – Stubby Stalk, Short Stemmed Slippery Jack
  • Suillus granulatus – Weeping bolete, granulated bolete
  • Suillus luteus – Slippery Jack

 Puffballs & Similar (incl. Earthstars, Bird’s Nests, and Stinkhorns)

  • Calvatia gigantean – Giant Puffball
  • Dictyophora duplicate – Veiled/Netted Stinkhorn
  • Geastrum quadrifidum – Rayed Earthstar
  • Lycoperdon perlatum (L. gemmatum) – Gem-Studded Puffball, Common Puffball
  • Lycoperdon pyriforme – Pear Shaped Puffball
  • Phallus impudicus – Common Stinkhorn
  • Phallus ravenelii – Ravenel’s Stinkhorn
  • Scleroderma citrinum – Common Earthball

Chanterelles & Similar

  • Craterellus fallax – The Black Trumpet

Polypores

  • Bjerkandera adusta – Smoky Polypore
  • Boletopsis subsquamosa – Kurotake
  • Cerrena unicolor – Mossy Maze Polypore
  • Daedaleopsis confragosa – Thin-Maze Polypore, Thin-Maze Flat Polypore
  • Favolus alveolaris – Hexagonal-pored Polypore
  • Fomes fomentarius – Tinder Polypore
  • Ganoderma applanatum – Artist’s Conk, Artist’s Polypore
  • Ganoderma lucidum or Ganodema tsugae – Lingzhi Mushroom or Hemlock Varnish Shelf
  • Gloeoporus dichrous
  • Grifola frondosa – Hen of the Woods
  • Ischnoderma resinosum – Resinous Polypore, Late Fall Polypore
  • Laetiporus sulphureus – Crab/Chicken on the Woods
  • Lenzites betulina – Gilled Polypore
  • Piptoporus betulinus – Birch Polypore, Razor Strop Fungus, Fisherman’s Fungus
  • Polyporus badius – Black Footed Polypore
  • Polyporus brumalis – Winter Polypore
  • Polyporus radicatus – Rooting Polypore
  • Polyporus squamosus – Dryad’s Saddle
  • Polyporus varius  (Polyporus elegans) – Elegant Polypore, Blackfoot Polypore
  • Postia caesia (Oligoporus caesius, Tyromyces caesius) – Conifer Blueing Bracket
  • Postia fragilis – Staining Cheese Polypore
  • Trametes elegans
  • Trametes pubescens – White Rot Fungus
  • Trametes versicolor – Turkey Tail
  • Trichaptum abietinum – Violet Toothed Polypore
  • Trichaptum biforme
  • Tyromyces chioneus (T. albellus, Polyorus a.) White Cheese Polypore

Parchment & Resupinates

  • Phlebia radiate – Radiating Phlebia
  • Phlebia tremellosa – Trembling Merulius
  • Porotheleum fimbriatum
  • Stereum ostrea – False Turkey Tail
  • Stereum rugosum
  • Stereum striatum – Silky parchment
  • Irpex lacteus – Milk-White Toothed Polypore      Not Common

 Tooth Fungi

  • Climacodon septentrionale – Northern Tooth Fungus
  • Hericium americanum – Bear’s Head
  • Hericium erinaceus – Lion’s Mane Mushroom
  • Hericium coralloides – Comb Tooth, Bear’s Head Tooth
  • Hericium ramosum, variety rosea – Comb Tooth

Coral Fungi

  • Ramaria concolor – Strict Branch Coral
  • Ramaria stricta

 Cup Fungi

  • Aleuria aurantia – Orange Peel Fungus
  • Bisporella citrina – Lemon Drops
  • Bulgaria inquinans – Black Bulgar
  • Chlorociboria aeruginascens – Green Elfcup
  • Jafnea semitosta
  • Peziza repanda – Palamino Cup
  • Scutellinia scutellata – Eyelash Pixie Cup, Common Eyelash Cup
  • Scutellinia setosa/erinaceous – Orange Eyelash Cup
  • Tarzetta cupularis – Dentate Elf Cup     Not Common

Jelly Fungi

  • Calocera cornea – Club-like tuning fork
  • Exidia glandulosa – Black jelly roll
  • Tremella foliacea – Jelly Leaf
  • Tremella reticulate

 Asco Jellies

  • Ascocoryne cylichnium

 Club Fungi & Earthtongues

  • Xylaria longipes – Dead moll’s fingers
  • Xylaria polymorpha – Dead man’s finger

Hypomyces

  • Hypomyces lactifluorum – Lobster Mushroom

 Carbon-Like Balls & Cushions

  • Apiosporina morbosa- Black Knot
  • Daldinia concentrica – King Alfred’s Cakes, Cramp Balls, Carbon Balls
  • Ustulina deusta – Carbon Cushion

 Slime Moulds

  • Lycogala epidendrum/flavofuscum – Wolf’s Milk
  • Stemonitis axiferaChocolate tube slime, tree hair
  • Tubifera ferruginosa – Red Raspberry Slime

Other

  • Ustilago maydis – Smut Fungus         

GILLED FUNGI

  • Agaricus arvensis – Horse Mushroom
  • Agaricus placomyces – Eastern Flat Topped Agaricus
  • Agrocybe praecox – Spring Agrocybe, Spring Wood-Chip Agrocybe
  • Armillaria gallica
  • Armillaria mellea complex – Honey Mushroom
  • Armillaria ostoyae – Dark Honey Fungus
  • Arrhenia epichysium
  • Baeospora myosura – Conifercone Cap
  • Camarophyllus – see Hygrocybe
  • Clitocybe ectypoides (Pseudoarmillariella e.) – Wood Clitocybe
  • Clitocybe gibba (C. infundibuliformis) – Common Funnel
  • Clitopilus prunulus – Sweetbread Mushroom, Miller
  • Clitopilus scyphoides
  • Collybia cookei
  • Conocybe rugosa
  • Coprinus atramentarius – Tippler’s Bane, Alcohol Inky, Alcohol Inky Cap
  • Coprinus comatus – Shaggy Mane, Shaggy-Mane Inky Cap
  • Coprinus disseminates – Fairies Bonnets
  • Coprinus lagopus
  • Coprinus micaceus – Mica Cap, Mica Inky Cap
  • Coprinus plicatilis – Pleated Ink Cap
  • Crepidotus applanatus – Flat Crep
  • Crepidotus crocophyllus – Orange Crep
  • Crepidotus mollis – Jelly Crep, soft slipper
  • Entoloma abortivum – Aborted Entoloma
  • Entoloma species
  • Entoloma strictus  ( Nolanea strictia) – Straight-Stalked Entoloma
  • Flammulina velutipes – Velvet Shank
  • Galerina autumnalis (G. marginata) – Deadly Galerina
  • Gymnopilus penetrans – Common Rustgill
  • Gymnopolis sapineus – Common Gymnopolis
  • Gymnopilus spectabilis – Big Laughing Gym, Big Laughing Mushroom
  • Gymnopus acervatus – Clustered Collybia
  • Hebeloma crustuliniforme – Poison Pie
  • Hygrocybe coccinea – Scarlet Wax Cap
  • Hygrocybe flavescens
  • Hygrocybe miniata – Vermillion Wax Cap
  • Hygrocybe pratensis (Camarophyllus p.) – Meadow Wax Cap
  • Hygrocybe punicea – Crimson Waxy Cap
  • Hygrocybe virginea – Snowy wax cap
  • Hygrophorus eburneus – Ivory Waxy Cap, Cowboy’s handkerchief
  • Hypholoma capnoides
  • Hypholoma fasciculare (Naematoloma f.) – Sulphur Tuft
  • Hypholoma sublateritium – Brick Cap
  • Hypsizygus tessulatus – Beech Mushroom
  • Inocybe geophylla var. geophylla – Earthy Inocybe
  • Inocybe rimosa
  • Lactarius torminosus – Woolly Lactarius, Pink-Fringed Milky
  • Lentinellus ursinus   – Bear Lentinus      Not Uncommon
  • Lepiota clypeolaria  –  Shaggy-Stalked Parasol
  • Lepiota cristata – Malodorous Lepiota, Burnt-Rubber Lepiota
  • Lepista irina – Pungent False Blewit
  • Lepista nuda – Blewit, True Blewit
  • Leucoagaricus naucinus  ( Lepiota naucina) – Smooth Lepiota, Smooth Parasol
  • Lyophyllum decastes – Fried Chicken Mushroom
  • Marasmius rotula – Pinwheel mushroom
  • Mycena galericulata – Common Mycena, Common Tufted Mycena
    • Mycena haematopus – Bleeding Mycena
    • Mycena inclinata – Clustered Bonnett
    • Mycena leaiana – Orange Mycena
    • Mycena osmundicola      Not Uncommon
    • Mycena sp.
    • Omphalina epichysium
    • Panaeolus foenisecii (Panaeolina foenisecii) Lawn Mower’s Mushroom, Haymaker’s Mushroom
    • Panellus serotinus –  Late Fall Oyster, Fall Oyster Mushroom
    • Panellus stipticus – Bitter oyster
    • Pholiota aurivella – Golden Photiota
    • Pholiota squarrosa – shaggy scalycap
    • Pholiota squarrosoides – Sharp-Scaly Pholiota          Not Uncommon
    • Phyllotopsis nidulans – Mock Oyster
    • Pleurocybella porrigens (Phyllotus p.) – Angel Wing
    • Pleurotus ostreatus  – Oyster Mushroom
    • Pluteus atromarginatus – Black Edged Pluteus
    • Pluteus cervinus (P. atricapillus) – Deer Mushroom, Fawn Mushroom
    • Pluteus umbrosus  ( Pluteus granularis ) – Velvety Pluteus          Not Uncommon
    • Psathyrella candolleana
    • Rhodocollybia butryacea (Collybia butryacea) – Buttery Collybia
    • Rhodotus palmatus – Netted Rhodotus
    • Russula rosacea – Rosy Russula
    • Russula sp.
    • Tricholoma aurantium – Golden Orange Tricholoma
    • Tricholoma myomyces – Mouse Mushroom
    • Tricholoma terreum – Earth Grey Tricholoma
    • Tricholoma myomyces – Mouse Mushroom
    • Tricholoma virgatum – Ashen Knight
    • Xeromphalina cauticinalis         Not Uncommon
    • Xeromphalina kauffmanii – Cross-veined troop mushroom
    • Xerula furfuracea  – Rooted Collybia
    • Xerula megalospora

ADDITIONAL SPECIES SEEN:

  • Hygrophorus langei (?)
  • Geastrum fimbriatum – Fringed Earthstar, Sessile Earthstar
  • Ramaria species
  • Hericium ramosum var. rosea – Comb Tooth
  • Exidia alba – Pale jelly roll
  • Steccherinum ochraceum –  ochre spreading tooth
  • Leptonia incana
  • Micromphale foetidum – stinking Marasmius
  • Multiclavula mucida – White green-algae coral

Photo by C. Stacey

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